Basic and Clinical Sciences (A Research Journal on Basic Medical and Clinical Sciences of the Matias H Azanar Memorial College of Medicine Southwestern University Cebu City


MHAM MEDICAL RESEARCH JOURNAL is a national journal publishing articles that emphasize the molecular, cellular, and functional basis of therapy. All articles are rigorously reviewed. The Journal favors publication of full-length papers covering basic medical sciences: pharmacology, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, parasitology, and microbiology. Articles that report profound observations are also accepted. Articles should be written at a level accessible to readers who are non-specialists in the topic of the article themselves, but who are interested in the research. The Journal welcomes reviews on topics of wide interest to investigators in the medical sciences. We particularly encourage submission of focused reviews.


Submission of a paper will be held to imply that the manuscript contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts should present novel findings addressing significant medical questions. Studies that fail to do so may be rejected without review. ?

Quantitative conclusions must be based on truly quantitative methods. ?

MHAM MEDICAL RESEARCH JOURNAL may publish work on the actions of biological extracts of unknown chemical composition.

  1. Compounds studied must be of known chemical structure and concentration. ?
  2. The study must be reproducible;
  3. materials used must be available to other researchers so they can repeat the experiment.
  4. Please include word count and figure/table count on the cover page of your manuscript.

Types of article ?

  1. Original research articles?
  2. Reviews


Ethics in publishing : For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see

Human and animal rights

If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans ;Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

Conflict of Interest Policy

The Journal requires full disclosure of all potential conflicts of interest. At the end of the manuscript text, under a subheading "Conflict of Interest statement", all authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. If there are no conflicts of interest, the authors should state: "The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest."A signed Conflict of Interests Policy Form is required upon submission. The corresponding author is responsible for completing the form, and signing it on behalf of all authors.

Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder.


All authors listed on your paper must have made significant contributions to the study. To ensure clarity, you are required upon submission to enter the specific details of each author's contribution, which must substantiate the inclusion of each person on the manuscript.

Changes to authorship

This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:

Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Director of Research/Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include:

(a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and

(b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement.

In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above.

Note that:

(1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and

(2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.

After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.


This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research: Open access and Subscription.

For open access articles

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement'. Permitted reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license

Retained author rights

As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights.

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Open access

Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse

Language (usage and editing services)

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).


Submission to this journal proceeds via conventional method or online as soon as it is available. Use the following guidelines to prepare your article. Via the homepage of this journal ( and press Research button then you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files.


To expedite the review process, authors must submit names of 4 - 6 individuals who are qualified to review their work. Include the email address of each potential referee, as much contact information as possible, and why you feel this person is competent to review your work. You should not have collaborated with the suggested reviewers at any time in the past five years.



Submission to this journal proceeds via conventional process or online (as soon as it is available) and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.?

This can be a PDF file or a Word document, in any format or lay-out that can be used by referees to evaluate your manuscript. It should contain high enough quality figures for refereeing. If you prefer to do so, you may still provide all or some of the source files at the initial submission. Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be uploaded separately.


References must formatted as follows: Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present.

Formatting requirements

Formatting must be as follows: Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussions (conclusion included) - IMRAD Format. Artwork and Tables must be with captions.

Figures and tables embedded in text.

Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom or the top of the file.


Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).

Use of word processing software.

Regardless of the file format of the original submission, at revision you must provide us with an editable file of the entire article. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

Organization of the manuscript

Beginning with the first page, present your manuscript in the order below:

1. Title: First letter capitalized, subsequent letters in lower case. Maximum length 150 characters including spaces. Avoid abbreviations.

2 a. Names of all authors.

2 b. Affiliations of all authors. If necessary, use superscripted lowercase letters after the author's name to distinguish affiliations.

3. Author to whom proofs and correspondence should be sent, including name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address.

4. A structured abstract has to be submitted for full length articles (not for reviews) of no more than 250 words.

The following headings must be used: ?

  • Aims: ?
  • Main methods: ?
  • Key findings: ?
  • Significance: ?

5. Three or more key words for indexing purposes. In addition to key words from the title, please suggest other terms that help define the study. We encourage authors to test the relevance of their key words by using them for a database search and comparing the results with the topic of their own paper.

Word limits: In full papers, individual sections should be no longer than Abstract 250 words, Introduction 500 words, Discussion 2500 words, Conclusionnot more than 250 words. Materials and Methods and Results sections should be concise but there is no formal word limit.


Papers must include the major headings Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgments, and References. Include subheadings as appropriate. Review articles must contain Abstract and Introduction, with subsequent headings and subheadings as appropriate.


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.


Results should be clear and concise.


This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section.??The Graphical Abstract (GA) is optional for research articles, but mandatory for reviews. GAs should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system.


Abbreviations must be explained the first time they are used, both in the Abstract and again in the main text.

Abbreviations used as names of cell lines do not need to be explained, but the species and tissue of origin should be made clear in text the first time the cell line is mentioned. Examples: "the human colonic adenocarcinoma cell line Caco-2" or "the porcine renal endothelial cell line LLC-PK1".


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).??Please note that funding information must appear under the Acknowledgments heading.

Figure captions.

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.


Citation in text. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.??o Single author (Smith 2003) ?o Two authors (Smith and Thompson 2003) ?o Three or more authors (Smith et al. 2003) (N.B.: note period after et al.) ?o Multiple references (Smith et al. 2003; Jones et al. 2003) (N.B.: note semicolon) ?o Same author(s), same year (Smith and Thompson 2000a,b,c) ?o Same author(s), different years (Smith et al. 1999, 2001)

Reference formatting.

There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present.

Reference style

Text: All citations in the text should refer to: ?

1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication; ?

2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication; ?

3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication. ?

Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. ?

Examples: 'as demonstrated in wheat (Allan, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1999). Kramer et al. (2010) have recently shown ....' ?

List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication. ?


Reference to a journal publication: Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. J SciCommun 2010;163:51-9. ?

Reference to a book: StrunkJr W, White EB. The elements of style. 4th ed. New York: Longman; 2000. ?

Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, editors. Introduction to the electronic age. New York: E-Publishing Inc; 2009. p. 281-304. ?

Note shortened form for last page number. e.g., 51-9, and that for more than 6 authors the first 6 should be listed followed by "et al.

Submission checklist

The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

Ensure that the following items are present: One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

  1. E-mail address
  2. Full postal address
  3. Telephone
All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
  1. Keywords
  2. All figure captions
  3. All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
  4. Further considerations Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked' All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa.


  1. Online proof correction
  2. Corresponding authors will be provided with a username and password for downloading, allowing annotation and correction of the paper.

    The environment is in MS Word: in addition to editing text, you can also comment on figures/tables and answer questions from the Copy Editor.

    This provides a faster and less error-prone process by allowing you to directly type your corrections, eliminating the potential introduction of errors. After corrections, you re upload the edited copy of the paper still in a .doc format.

    All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods to the online version and PDF. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately - please upload all of your corrections within 48 hours. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.

  3. Offprints
  4. The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use. Portal/